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’žserving as the paknquin-bcarer of the Zemindar of Bobbili.   After



his grand-father's death, this post was held by his father. Wfaea

his father died, Narayana Rao himself began his career as palan-

quin-bearer or the Rajah Saheb and was so employed until Estate

Abolition. He showed me the remains of an old, abandoned pala-

nquin in his courtyard.



At the turn of the last century, the Valesa (hamlet) was

shifted westward to its present location. The new hamlet was built

ia the Zamindari poramboke (waste land). Their old habitation

was dismantled. In that place the Raja constructed a water tank



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to irrigate his farms. This tank was known as Raja Chcruvu (Raja s

tank), Since the new hamlet was built near this tank, it came to

be known as Raja Cheruvu Valasa, The new (present) hamlet is

situated at the foothill of Chimplkonda and is close to the forest,



Before the abolition of Zamindari system in 1954, many

chieftains adopted the custom of utilising the Gadabas, Where„er

possible, as their palanquin-bearers, and allowed them to cultivate

Zamindari land for their sustenance. This was a hoary tradition.

The Gazetteer of the Vizagapatam district first published by the

British Government in 1869 took this tradition for granted and

- stated simply: "The Gadabas are palanquin-bearers and cultivators

by profession."



Tfaus^ unlike other bill tribes, the Gadabas settled in plains

adjoining forests but in close proximity to the headquarters of local

chieftains and Rajas. For instance there are only 3 Gadada ham-

lets in Bobbili taluk. But all of them are adjacent to Bobbili town,

(Rajacheruvu Valasa 4 km; Pullcni valasa 3 km; and Polavani

Yalasa 3 km), the headquarters of the Zamlndar.



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Due to such interaction with the plains population, the

.Gadabas gradually shed many of their traditional ways of life.